Here are some of the common mistakes that people make when traveling in the backcountry.
With proper planning, preparation, and prevention, these mistakes and their consequences can be avoided.
Regardless of experience level, no one is immune from getting lost, stranded, injured, or killed while recreating or working in a wilderness environment.
- Not telling anyone where you are going and when you will return!
- Hiking alone!
- Separating from the group you are hiking with!
- Not turning back!
- Not dressing properly!
- Ignoring what your body is telling you!
- Not taking a Survival Kit!
Not accounting for your dog’s safety and well being!
Make your hiking trip known to close ones!
Give someone you trust a written copy of your trip plan. This plan should include:
- Your estimated time of departure
- The names, addresses, and phone numbers of all group members
- Any relevant medical conditions
- Your vehicle’s make, model, and license number
- Your expected route of travel, trail head information, and camp sites.
- Your final destination and expected time of return.
Agree on a procedure for contacting the authorities if you do not report-in by a certain time. Leave a copy of your itinerary in your vehicle. If you change your plans, call your contact before you start and give them the update.
In Search and Rescue we find people by following clues. This is the first and most important clue that we need.
These days you can send this info in a text message or e-mail or even post on social media. DO IT!
Always go with a group. There is safety in numbers.
Separating from the group!
Always start as a group, hike as a group, end as a group.
The group should stay within conversation distance of each other. This will help everyone stay close together.
If you are faster than others in your group, be a friend and slow down for the safety of everyone. The slowest person should lead and set the pace. Be patient! You will get there.
Not turning back!
There are many things that will cause you and the group to turn back. Not making this decision to turn back can jeopardize your life or the life of others in your group. Avoid Summit Fever!
Some reasons for turning back are:
- Weather changes
- Pain, injury, or illness
- Environmental medical conditions – heat injury, cold injury, effects of altitude, dehydration
- Physically unfit
- Hazards – avalanche danger, swift water, adverse terrain
- Insufficient experience, skill level, and proficiency
- Improperly prepared
- Underestimated the time required to complete the trip
If anyone in the group needs to turn back, then everyone turns back.
Know your limitations and when to postpone your hike. The mountains will be there another day.
Not dressing properly!
Be prepared for the worst kind of weather possible for the time of year in the geographical location that you are going to be in or travel through.
Avoid cotton clothing. When cotton gets wet it takes a long time to dry and if you are wearing it while it dries it will make you very cold. It is better to wear wool, fabric blends, or synthetics that are resistant to moisture, dry quickly, and privde some insulation value even when wet. Layer your clothing in order to control your body temperature. Add and subtract layers frequently with the emphasis being not getting too hot.
Use the do not sweat rule when doing strenuous activity such as hiking, snowshoeing, or cross country skiing.
If you are going to spend any amount of time sitting or lying on the ground, bring a closed cell foam pad to sit or lie on so the ground doesn’t take away any of your body heat. These pads can be small and don’t usually weigh much.
Don’t ignore what your body is telling you!
Pay attention to what your body is telling you. For example, if you are experiencing nausea, headache, dizziness, fatigue, or shortness of breath then you may be succumbing to one of the environmental medical conditions such as:
- Hypothermia – life threat
- Heat Syncope – fainting
- Heat Cramps
- Heat Exhaustion
- Heat Stroke – life threat
- Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS)
- High Altitude Pulmonary Edema (HAPE)
- High Altitude Cerebral Edema (HACE)
These environmental medical conditions are self-inflicted. They can be avoided with proper awareness and prevention. First Aid training builds this awareness. Take a wilderness based First Aid course. It’s not juat about learning to help others.
Staying properly hydrated may be the most important single factor in your comfort and survival. Your body does an excellent job of taking care of itself IF it is properly hydrated. Two quarts of water per day is a minimum in our Colorado climate.
No Survival Kit!
Be prepared for the worst with your primary considerations being to stay warm, stay dry, and stay hydrated. Always take a survival kit. Some of the items a survival kit should contain are:
- Shelter package – 10 ft x 10 ft tarp and 50 feet of parachute cord
- Proper clothing – both worn and spares
- Fire starting kit
- Water and water purification methods
- Signaling devices – whistle, signal mirror, flashlight
- Insulated pad to sit on or lay on
- First aid kit
- Navigation – map, compass
Not accounting for your dog’s safety and well being!
Your dog is only as fit as you are. It also needs food, water, and physical conditioning just like you do.